Head and Neck Cancer is a collective term used to define cancer that develops in mouth, throat, nose, salivary glands, oral cancers, or other neck and head areas. The most common cancer type is squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (HNSCCA). Another commonplace for development of this cancer is the salivary glands, although cancerous salivary glands are rare. Cancers of the head and neck are further categorized by the head or neck area in which they begin. According to a research study, around 85% of head and neck cancers are linked to tobacco use, and 75% are associated with a combined usage of tobacco and alcohol. Most head and neck cancers can be cured as a cancer treatment in Delhi has become very advanced.
In this article, we have listed some common symptoms and treatment for the Head and Neck Cancer.
Potential Symptoms for Head and Neck Cancer: Watch out for these
The symptoms of the head and neck cancer vary according to where they began. In fact, sometimes the cause of a symptom may be a different medical condition altogether, something like a false alarm. However, below is a list of some potential signs of head and neck cancer:
- A lump or a bump in the head or neck area with or without pain.
- Mouth ulcers, that is, a broken area of skin which may not heal.
- Unexplained weight loss is without any underlying reason.
- Persistent sore throat.
- Difficulty in moving the jaw.
- Difficulty in breathing
- Numbness or weakness of a body part in the neck or head region.
- White or red patches in the mouth or the throat region
- Unexplained mouth odours that are without any underlying reason.
- Hoarseness or change in the voice.
- Pain or difficulty in chewing or swallowing.
If you are concerned with any of the changes you experience, it is best to talk to your doctor rather than do a self-diagnosis. By examining how long and how often you have been experiencing these symptoms, your doctor will be able to figure out the cause of the symptoms and start the treatment at the earliest. If you want the best suggestion, go to Delhi, as the cancer treatment in Delhi is the best in India.
Potential Treatment for Head and Neck Cancer
If found early, most head and neck cancers are cured. Though cancer treatment’s main goal is to remove it entirely and prevent any further spread or damage to the body, many things such as preservation of the functionalities of the near-by tissues, cells, organs and nerves must be kept in mind during treatment. Treatments on a cancer patient are done only after considering many factors such as risk, recovery rate, health, food habits etc.
Detailed information on the types of treatment available for head and neck cancers are listed below:
Surgery is performed to remove the cancer cell and surrounding nervesand tissues to permanently stop cancer spread. Surgeries are mainly of 4 types:
It is used to cure early-stage malignant tumours, mainly if located near the larynx, potentially spreading cancer.
This popular method can remove any type of cancers along with surrounding cells and tissues to stop spreading altogether.
Neck dissection/ lymph-node dissection:
Performed during excision, it is used to remove the neck’s lymph-node when cancer has spread in the neck.
Plastic or Reconstructive Surgery:
After removing a body part like skin, jaw or tongue during the cancer treatment surgery, this is performed to reconstruct the removed parts and preserve its mechanism.
2. Radiation therapy:
High-energy-charged X-rays or other similar particles are used in this method. Radiation therapy is a time-consuming procedure and needs more than one session to cure cancer completely. It can be used at any stage and type of head, and neck cancers and very safe other than some side effects such as muscle pain, tooth decay, skin problem and hair fall caused by it.
3. Medication therapy:
Medication is given through bloodstream to reach cancer cells and destroy it. It is another time-consuming process and does not guarantee the complete removal of cancer cells all the time. Chemotherapy, Targeted therapy and Immunotherapy are the most used medication therapies.
Even though head and neck cancers sound terrifying and scary, it is curable if proper treatmentsareperformed at the right time. Most early-stage cancers can be treated using just systematic medication. With technological advancement in the medical field, even curing last-stage cancer has become possible. It has become even easier as a cancer treatment in Delhi falls among one of the best in the world.
It is always better to checkyourself up at least once a year and immediately contact your doctor if you experience any of the above symptoms.If you are diagnosed with cancer, read the potential treatment mentioned here and consult it with your doctor.